The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) prepared this risk assessment to examine plant pest risks associated with importing commercially-produced fruit of pineapple, Ananas comosus (Bromeliaceae), for consumption from Indonesia into the United States and Territories. Based on the market access request submitted by Indonesia, we considered the pathway to include the following processes and conditions: whole pineapple fruit with or without the crown that has been washed, wax-coated, and manually dried. The pineapple fruit will be shipped year-round in pre-cooled containers at 7-9°C. The risk ratings in this assessment are contingent upon the application of all components of the pathway as described in this document.
Based on the scientific literature, port-of-entry pest interception data, and information from the government of Indonesia, we developed a list of quarantine pests that are known to occur in Indonesia (on any host) and to be associated with A. comosus (anywhere in the world). Of these, we found nine organisms that have a reasonable likelihood of being associated with the commodity following harvesting from the field and prior to any post-harvest processing and thus are potentially able to follow the pathway.
We assessed the pest risk potential of these organisms and determined that Dolichotetranychus floridanus (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) and Eutetranychus orientalis (Acari: Tetranychidae) are not candidates for risk management because they do not meet the threshold to likely cause unacceptable consequences of introduction.
The remaining seven organisms met the threshold for unacceptable consequences of introduction and had a non-negligible likelihood of introduction. The report considers several different pests to be candidates for risk management.