The municipalities of Gabriel Zamora, Churumuco, Ocampo and Angangueo, in Michoacán, have been declared free of avocado pests, reports the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (Sader).
Those regions obtained the declaration after technicians of the National Health, Safety and Quality Service Agroalimentaria (Senasica) verified the absence of the avocado seed weevil (Heilipus lauri), of the avocado weevil (Conotrachelus aguacatae and C . perseae) and of the avocado seed moth (Stenoma catenifer).
This is based on the results of the sampling carried out in accordance with the official standards NOM-066-FITO-2002 for phytosanitary management and avocado mobilization and NOM-069-FITO-1995 for the establishment and recognition of pest-free zones.
According to the declaration published in the Official Gazette, in order for an area not to lose its condition as pest and disease-free, producers must apply the phytosanitary measures established in article 107 of the Regulation of the Federal Law for Plant Protection.
The regulations say that producers have to enforce all phytosanitary measures to prevent the pest from returning, said the agency through a statement.
The recognition of an area as pest-free allows producers to market the so-called "green gold" without phytosanitary restrictions both domestically and internationally.
If no control actions are carried out, these pests can cause damage to the fruit when the larvae feed on the pulp and stone; a situation that can lead to up to 90 percent losses.
According to data from the Agricultural and Fisheries Information System (SIAP) of the Sader, a little over 2 million 29 thousand tons of avocados were harvested in 2017.
The states with the greatest production volumes are Michoacán, Jalisco, State of México, Nayarit and Morelos, which, together, account for 95 percent of the country's total production.
Today the fruit is marketed in more than 30 international markets, including the United States, Japan, Canada, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, France, Guatemala, Spain, China, the Netherlands, Hong Kong, the United Kingdom, Germany, Singapore and Belgium.