In the first half of the year, Agroseguro paid producers compensation for 461.25 million euro, i.e. 22% higher than in the same period of the previous year, due to the turbulent weather that marked this period. Thus, this period of 2021 is the worst first half of the year in the last five years.
The damaged area of producers with insured farms totaled 930,611 hectares, 76% more than the affected area in 2020, according to Agroseguro data.
Overall, insured fruit growers register compensation of more than 135 million euro (20% more than in 2020) and vegetable producers exceed 56 million, a figure slightly higher than in the previous year. In the case of citrus, the damage reached 53 million, i.e. 109% more than in the same period last year.
The damages in Castilla-La Mancha stand out, as the payments to insured farmers during the first half of 2021 exceeded those accumulated throughout 2020, with more than 97 million euro.
Murcia, Aragon, Castilla y León, Catalonia, Andalusia, the Valencian Community, Extremadura, La Rioja, Navarra, and Galicia have also registered high levels of compensation, higher in most cases than in the same period of last year.
Snow, wind, frost, rain, and hail
The first six months of 2021 have been marked by very adverse phenomena for the field, stated Agroseguro in its report. In January, storm Filomena caused abundant snowfalls, strong gusts of wind, and, later, a very marked drop in temperatures, which reached -20° C in inland areas and -6° C in parts of the Mediterranean coast. This situation produced an overlap of risks on the same crop (snow, wind, and frost), especially on the open-field winter production of citrus fruits and vegetables, as well as in productions that are grown undercover and the greenhouses that protect them.
Likewise, strong gusts of wind caused damage to banana production.
In March, the entry of a cold air mass on the 19th caused a sharp drop in night temperatures in much of Spain. It had a severe impact on stone fruit and advanced pip varieties that were in full flowering and fruit set in most production areas. In addition, it caused damage to almond trees and horticultural crops such as artichoke, asparagus, pea, and potato.
As of May, repeated storms accompanied by hail caused serious losses in herbaceous and fruit crops in various areas of Spain, in cherry productions in the Valencian Community and Extremadura, and in vegetables in the north and center of the peninsula.