The National Government's Federal Administration of Public Revenues (AFIP) and the General Customs Directorate (DNA) set the reference prices for Argentina's pear and apple exports this season via General Resolution 4974/2021published in the Official Gazette of the Argentine Republic.
The document details the reference prices for five varieties of apples and five varieties of pears. Apple prices range from a minimum of $ 0.55 per kilo to a maximum of $ 0.89 per kilo, and pear prices range from $ 0.50 to $ 0.88 per kilo.
The goal of these measures is to control the export values to certain destinations that show enormous price distortions and prevent some companies in the fruit sector from under-invoicing their exports to avoid taxes.
The main trigger for this illicit action is the huge exchange gap there is in the market between the official dollar and the parallel dollar. This illegal practice will continue as long as there are different dollar exchange rates in the market or as long as the difference in value between the commercial and financial dollars surpasses 10%.
The scenario in the domestic market is not much better: according to estimates, at least 60% of the pear and apples marketed in the domestic market presents some type of fiscal irregularity.