Iran seemed to be making real headway in supplying fresh fruits and vegetables to the Russian market at the end of 2020. Estimates show that the exports of vegetables, fruits, berries, and nuts of Iranian origin to Russia in 2020 exceeded $800 million while some of the products were supplied through third-party countries, particularly through Azerbaijan.
As both Russia and Iran are under international sanctions, this cooperation is not surprising. After the imposition of sanctions on food supplies from the EU, Ukraine, the United States and a number of other countries, prices for fruits and vegetables in Russia rose sharply, which gave impetus to the development of production in the countries of Central Asia, the Caucasus, Turkey, and Iran.
Iran took full advantage of these opportunities. If previously the main supply of products from Iran to Russia was through Azerbaijan, there was the growth of direct supplies in 2020 without Azerbaijan as an intermediary.
East-fruit.com quoted Andriy Yarmak, an economist of the Investment Centre of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations as saying: “Monitoring of the situation on the Russian fruit and vegetable market shows the growing influence of supplies of fresh apples from Iran on domestic prices in the country. When apple suppliers from Moldova are perplexed why the demand for their apples in Russia is falling, the answer is very simple – increased competition from Iran as well as an increase in the local production of apples. Therefore, in the segment of affordable apples on the Russian market, including due to the growth of supplies from Iran, it is getting closer and closer.”
In addition to apples, Iran also supplies Russia with significant and growing volumes of greenhouse tomatoes, cucumbers, and peppers; pistachios; peaches; cherries; and other types of fresh fruits and vegetables.
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