Mexico's investment and adoption of new agricultural technologies have helped the country's export sector to improve its production and increase the volumes it ships to one of its main markets, the US.
In the last 8 years, Mexican strawberry shipments to the US increased by 17.3% a year, totalling 842 million dollars in 2019. Mexico is the world's third-biggest strawberry producer and its main export destination is the USA, where it exports more than 90% of its production. Mexico produces strawberries in 10 varieties, the most noteworthy of which are Michoacan, Guanajuato, Baja California, and Baja California Sur.
Pepper exports to the US have increased by an averaged of 12.3% a year, reaching 737 million dollars during 2019. Mexico, which in 2012 was the sixth-biggest producer of blueberries in the world, has become the third-largest producer of this product worldwide. In that period of time, it also went from being the seventh-biggest producer of raspberry to being the fourth-biggest producer, according to data from Sader.
"We invested in protected technology and took risks," stated Alfredo Diaz, the director of the Mexican Association of Protected Horticulture (AMHPAC).
Protected agriculture consists of sowing inside macro-tunnels, greenhouses, or shade mesh structures, which allows control of crop's environment, improving its quality and productivity. According to Ignacio Duarte, the president of the Guanajuato State Agricultural Food Council (CEAG), they would produce 14 to 18 tonnes of strawberries per hectare when they grew them in the open fields, and now that they use macro-tunnels they obtain 50 to 80 tonnes per hectare.
Octaviano Magaña, the president of the National Strawberry Council (Conafresa), said that Mexican strawberry producers had invested to bring this technology from Spain. Diaz also highlighted the technology transfer agreement that the AMHPAC has with the Dutch Embassy in Mexico, which offers training to producers to improve the cultivation of their fruits.
Mexico ranks fifth in protected agricultural production worldwide with 54,150 hectares; the first place is held by China, while the United States does not appear in the top 5.