Although statistics are incomplete, it is already clear that the surface area devoted to the plantation of asparagus in China covers around 93.3 thousand hectares, which equals roughly 39% of the global surface area devoted to asparagus plantation. China has an average annual fresh asparagus production volume of more than 900 thousand tons, which equals 46% of the global production volume. The more popular asparagus varieties in China are Grande F1, Atlas F1, and Walker Deluxe F1 from the USA, for reasons related to production volume, appearance, taste, and resistance to disease.
The growth and production volume of asparagus is influenced by such aspects as product variety, location of plantation, fertilizer and irrigation, plant diseases and insect pests, and harvest time. Many farmers in the east and south of China use greenhouses to protect the plants from high temperatures, high moisture, and strong winds, as well as plant diseases.
The surface area devoted to the plantation of green asparagus has overtaken the surface area devoted to the plantation of white asparagus in recent years and left it far behind. The main reason for this development is as follows: the Chinese do not traditionally have a habit of eating white asparagus. The white asparagus that are produced in China are then processed and canned for export. Green asparagus agrees more with traditional Chinese taste.
Furthermore, the labor costs for the plantation and harvesting of green asparagus is lower than the labor cost for plantation and harvest of white asparagus. It is precisely for that reason that the surface area devoted to the plantation of green asparagus is continuously increasing. At the same time, the living standards of Chinese consumers increase. Green asparagus has become a medicinal kind of food. More and more consumers have become aware of the nutritional and medicinal value of green asparagus. They have started to show a great appreciation for green asparagus. It is therefore likely that the surface area devoted to the plantation of green asparagus in China will continue to grow, as will the consumption volume of green asparagus.