China is a major producer of apples, with a trade surplus in apple trading, and exports far exceed imports. The import and export trade accounts for a significant proportion of the entire apple industry, but it can be seen from the year-on-year increase in import prices that the domestic preference for high-quality fruit is increasing, and the regions that prefer imported fruit are mainly concentrated in Guangdong and Shanghai. The major domestic export provinces are Shandong and Yunnan. According to the domestic apple consumption habits and market, China's apple import and export trade will continue to maintain a stable uptrend in the short term.
Trade exports are scattered and imports are concentrated
The exporting countries of fresh apple are more dispersed while importing ones are more concentrated. According to data from the General Administration of Customs in China, in the past five years, in terms of the cumulative import volume of apples in China from 2017 to 2021, the import sources are mainly New Zealand, Chile, the United States, South Africa and France.
In terms of export volume, China exports apples to a large number of countries, mainly from neighboring countries, especially countries in Southeast Asia such as Bangladesh, Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand, the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, and Myanmar.
Guangdong prefers imported apples
According to the data of the General Administration of Customs in China, during the period from 2017 to 2021, if the cumulative import volume of apples in China is ranked by region, the biggest consumer is Guangdong (249,000 tons), the second is Shanghai (81,000 tons), the third is Zhejiang (45,000 tons), and the fourth is Liaoning (19,000 tons), and the cumulative import volume of other regions in the past five years is below 3,000 tons. Among them, nearly 60% of the imported apples in the country are distributed to Guangzhou.
The import and export unit price of fresh apples in China has been rising year by year, and the import unit price is higher than the export unit price
Since 2000, the import and export unit price of fresh apples in China has been slowly rising. At present, the import unit price is 2.33 US dollars/kg, and the export unit price is 1.4 US dollars/kg. The import unit price is significantly higher than the export unit price, mainly because most of China's imports are high-quality fruits, while most of the exported apples are of ordinary quality.