On August 15, the General Administration of Customs of the People's Republic of China issued an announcement: According to the relevant laws and regulations of China and the "Protocol between the General Administration of Customs of the People's Republic of China and the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia on the Phytosanitary Requirements for the Export of Fresh Pineapples from Indonesia to China", from now on, the import of fresh pineapples from Indonesia that meet the relevant requirements is allowed.
The announcement requires that pineapple orchards and packaging factories exported to China should be registered with the Indonesia Agricultural Quarantine Agency ("IAQA"), and jointly approved by the General Administration of Customs of China ("GACC") and IAQA. Registration information should include name, address and registration number. The registration list should be provided by IAQA to GACC before the export season every year, and GACC will publish the registration list on the official website.
The quarantine pests that China is concerned about include: Dysmicoccus neobrevipes, Paracoccus marginatus, Planococcus minor, Peudococcus jackbeardsleyi, Pseudococcus longispinus, Pseudococcus viburni, Thecla Basilides, Dolichotetranychus floridanus.
The processing and packaging of pineapples must be carried out in a registered packaging factory and should undergo manual sorting, screening, brushing, or high-pressure water washing to ensure that the crown and fruit are free of insects, mites, snails, rotten fruit, grass seeds, plant residues and soil. If the packaged pineapple needs to be stored, it should be put into the warehouse immediately and stored separately to avoid re-infection by harmful organisms.
Indonesia is one of the largest pineapple producers in the world. Pineapples in Indonesia are a high-value commodity. In recent years, pineapple production has continued to rise. In 2021, Indonesia's pineapple production reached 2.92 million tons, and the export value reached 336 million US dollars. Exporting countries include the United Arab Emirates, Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Canada, Kuwait and South Korea.
Currently, Indonesia is allowed to export 6 kinds of fresh fruits to China, banana, longan, mangosteen, salak, pitaya and pineapple.