Avocado and banana are two of the crops with the highest growth projection in Colombia. The country exported 109 million 20-kilogram boxes of bananas last year, i.e. 9.3% more than in 2019, increasing its profits by 6.5% to $ 916.2 million. In 2020, the country exported 67,071 tons of avocados for 144.9 million dollars, i.e. 41% more than in 2019 and reaching the highest figures in history.
Bananas are Colombia's third most important agricultural export product, behind coffee and flowers. “The country has more than 50,000 hectares planted with bananas, which generates more than 140,000 direct and indirect jobs. 12.9% of all the bananas produced in the country have the potential to be exported,” stated Miguel Amado, Business Development Manager for Yara Colombia.
“The Colombian Hass avocado is an agribusiness that is rapidly growing due to the number of cultivated hectares. The country currently has about 25,000 hectares devoted to avocado due to its excellent production, the generation of direct and indirect employment, and its commercialization in the country and abroad.”
Colombians consume an estimated 4 kilos of bananas and 3 kilos of avocado per person per year. Avocado and bananas are part of the 10 most popular agricultural food products and play an important role in the global agenda to guarantee food security in the world thanks to their nutrients and vitamins.
The farmers and producers that grow these products are developing strategic planning activities aimed at caring for the environment, such as promoting the implementation of Good Agricultural Practices (GAP), which establish the sustainable requirements in the primary production of vegetables and other species for human consumption.
As part of these actions, Yara recently expanded its portfolio of foliar fertilizers with the arrival of YaraVita Safe N and YaraVita Safe K, fertilizers that provide potassium and nitrogen to plants to improve the crops' size, protein content, flavor, and color of fruits and vegetables. They also help prevent pests and diseases, while increasing the plant's resistance to pests, diseases, frost, and periods of drought.
“The country needs to produce more food while taking care of its soil, to mitigate the acidification and salinization of irrigated areas. Our main concern is to take care of natural resources by training farmers in the efficient use of water with products and tools that contribute to this problem and that, in addition, contribute to the goal of reducing their carbon footprint,” Amado stated.