The garlic harvest has just started in Cordoba. The national president of the Asaja Garlic Sector, Miguel del Pino, said that this was the second-largest garlic harvest in Spain and the first harvest to hit the market.
This campaign's production will yield good volumes and great quality because the weather conditions have been great, he stressed. If the harvest proceeds normally and there are no meteorological adversities, producers could collect some 30,000 tons, he added.
There is currently a great demand for garlic because the market is empty. China, which accounts for 83% of the world's garlic production, reduced its sales as a result of COVID-19. As a result, there's been a shortage of this vegetable at the global level, which led to a 20 to 50% increase in prices in 2020, which averaged nearly 3 euro per kilo in warehouses.
This year might help the sector to recover from difficult past years, says Del Pino. “Different international markets are demanding a large amount of garlic. However, there is uncertainty on how the coronavirus pandemic will evolve worldwide and how it will affect the markets,” he stated.
This year's production area in the province will be the same as last year, with some 2,000 hectares of cultivation. Cordoba accounts for 36% of the area planted with garlic in Andalusia and for 35% of the community's production. It is followed by the provinces of Seville and Granada, which account for 24% and 17% of the area devoted to garlic in Andalusia, respectively.
Cordoba exports more than 90% of its garlic, mainly to European countries such as France, Italy, Germany, and Great Britain. They also export it to overseas destinations, such as Brazil, the United States, South Africa, and Taiwan. Last year, the region managed to enter Japan, a market in which it had not been present until now.