The Colombian Agricultural Institute (ICA) and the Federation of Banana Producers of Colombia (Fedeplacol) presented the Action Plan for the prevention and eradication of the banana moko in the region to ensure the present and the future of the 72,000 hectares of plantains and bananas in the departments of Caldas, Risaralda, and Quindio (i.e. the Coffee Region).
This disease is caused by the phytopathogenic bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum race 2, phylotype II secuevars 3, 4, and 6, and it is one of the most destructive diseases of plantain and banana crops in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The banana moko not only generates losses in production, but also high costs derived from the application of containment and eradication measures.
According to the Action Plan, ICA professionals from the Caldas, Quindio, and Risaralda branches will carry out phytosanitary inspection visits to small, medium, and large Musaceae producers, including backyards, monitoring an estimated 7,500 hectares to identify outbreaks of the pest.
The inspectors will also control if the crops are affected by other important pests for Musaceae, such as Fusarium sp. and elephantiasis.
The Action Plan also seeks to update the map that allows making better decisions and analyze all the proposals that are generated around the promotion or establishment of Musaceae, such as Productive Alliances and similar projects.