Over the last twenty years, plant breeders of the Institute of Horticulture, Viticulture, and Vegetable Growing of the Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Tajikistan have created a wide range of new grape varieties.
The most popular varieties are Toifi White, Toifi Pink, Kishmish Black, Kishmish White, Khusaini Black, Khusaini White, Sultoni, Mugchaloni, Sarvar, Sugdiyon, Nimrang, Chavz, Zarif, Yokuchi Surkh, Vatan, Shohona, Victory, and others.
The Institute’s director and Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Khikmatullo Nazirov, said: “Viticulture in Tajikistan has centuries-old traditions. At present, about 190 local varieties and more than 30 varieties brought from abroad are grown in various regions of Tajikistan.”
Grapes are grown on approximately 38,600 hectares in all forms of farming in Tajikistan. Out of this area, 33,700 hectares are fruit-bearing vineyards. The average yield in 2019 was 73.2 centners per hectare. In 2019, Tajikistan produced more than 247,000 tons of grapes and 180,000 tons in 10 months of 2020. Some farms using modern innovative technologies get anywhere from 35 to 40 tons of high-quality grapes from 1 hectare.
According to east-fruit.com, experts see the industry’s further development in the expansion of vineyards, the use of modern innovative technologies, and high-yielding grape varieties.
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