The production of onions in Poland accounts for over 13.5% of the total cultivation area of onions in the EU and about 8.3% of the onion harvest in the EU. Polish exports constitute 2.5% of the global onion exports and gives Poland the 9th export position in the world.
In 2019, onions were grown in Poland on an area of 25,2 thousand hectares with an average yield of 21.2 t / ha. The total harvest was 535.4 thousand tons. For comparison, in 2019 the average yield for the entire EU was 34.7 t / ha, i.e. it was almost 40% higher than in Poland.
According to the September estimates of the Central Statistical Office, in 2020 the production of onions in Poland is estimated at approx. 580 thousand tons, which is over 8% more than in previous year. Many manufacturers say they are satisfied with the quality and size of onions harvested this year.
In 2019, 138.7 thousand tons of onions for 93.1 million EUR were exported from Poland. The main foreign market for Polish onions is the United Kingdom (for many years already), with a 33% share in export. The Netherlands is in second place, to which in 2019 Poland exported 34.5 thousand tons of onions for EUR 23.8 million (25.6% of total exports of onions from Poland). France closes the podium with a 9.7% share in exports (13.5 thousand tons for EUR 9 million). Important recipients are also Belgium and Germany, which receive 6.6% of Polish exports (11.7 thousand tons for EUR 6.1 million) and 6.1% (8.9 thousand tons for EUR 5.7 million) respectively. With most of the countries, except for the Netherlands, Greece and Russia, Poland has a positive trade balance in the onion market, although in recent years we have observed high increases in imports from Ukraine, Austria and Turkey.