According to the 2020-2021 citrus forecast prepared by the Andalusian Government, Andalusia will produce 2,321,896 tons of citrus, i.e. 33.5% of all the citrus produced at the national level. Sweet oranges will account for 72% (1,664,458 tons) of Andalusia's citrus production and for almost half of the national orange production (48.3%). Mandarins will account for 22% (520,639 tons)of Andalusia's citrus production, and lemons for 5% (109,590 tons). Andalusia's lemon production accounts for 10.7% of the national total. Andalusia has 85,200 hectares devoted to citrus production. 57,500 hectares of orange crops, almost 20,000 hectares of mandarins, 6,540 hectares of lemons, and 1,145 hectares devoted to other citrus.
Everything indicates that Malaga will, once again, be the leading producer of lemons in the Andalusian community with 74,346 tons. However, the harvest will be 22.1% lower than in the 2019-2020 campaign.
According to estimates, Malaga has about 10,000 hectares dedicated to the production of citrus. Nearly 4,100 of them are devoted to producing orange, and a similar amount to producing lemon. Nearly 1,700 hectares are devoted to mandarin crops. According to Asaja, the sector had an agricultural turnover of 51 million euro in 2019, an amount that is expected to be higher this year, partly because of the good prices that the productions in the field have maintained due to the pandemic.
According to the forecast, all of Malaga's citrus production will decrease over the previous season, with the exception of grapefruit, which will increase by more than 104%. According to the forecast, orange production will experience the greatest drop as the region, which produced 82,300 tons of oranges in the 2019-20 campaign, is expected to produce around 52,545 tons this season. Mandarins are expected to decrease by nearly 20%, from 22,528 tons in the previous season to only 17,968 this season.
In total, the province is expected to produce 146,358 tons of citrus this season, i.e. 22.1% less than the 187,795 tons it produced in the previous campaign.
Globally, taking into account all citrus production (orange, mandarin, lemon, grapefruit, lime ...), in this 2020/21 campaign, Seville will continue to be the main citrus producing province, followed by Huelva and Cordoba. Together, Seville, Huelva, and Cordoba account for 81% of all Andalusian citrus production and 87% of sweet orange production. Mandarin will be harvested mainly in the provinces of Huelva, Seville, and Almería (which together account for 94% of the production), while the lemon is concentrated in the areas of Malaga and Almeria, which will produce 94% of the total.