In 2019 the Netherlands exported its peppers at a price that was 55.23% more expensive than the price of the peppers that Spain exported, according to data from COMTRADE, the Statistics Division of the United Nations Organization (UN). The average price of Dutch peppers was €2.153/kg, while the average price of the Spanish peppers was €1,387/kg.
In 2019, worldwide pepper exports amounted to 3,652.69 million kilos, 5,164.46 million euro, and an average price of €1,414/kg.
Mexico was the leading exporter with 1,063.79 million kilos, 29.12% of the total, which it sold for 1,219.76 million euro at an average price of € 1.147/kg.
It was followed by Spain with 864.28 million kilos, 23.66% of the total, worth 1,198.75 million euro, and an average price of €1,387/kg. The Netherlands ranked third place with a volume of 459.12 million kilos (12.7% of the total), a value of 988.46 million euro, and an average price of €2,153/kg.
Canada ranked fourth with a volume of 157.95 million kilos (4.32% of the total), a value of 392.39 million euro, and an average price of €2,484/kg.
It was followed by Morocco, with 131.29 million kilos, 3.59% of the world total, which it sold for 118.66 million euro at an average price of €0.904/kg.
Turkey ranked seventh with 111.32 million kilos (3.05%), which it sold for 111.25 million euro at an average price of € 0.999/kg.
In 2019, Mexico allocated 99.25% of its exports to the US market.
Spain allocated 281.7 million kilos to Germany, 115.81 to France, 94.49 to the United Kingdom, 87.49 to the Netherlands, and 66.7 million kilos to the Italian market.
The Netherlands exported 139.66 million kilos to Germany, 107.07 to the United Kingdom, 30.68 to Belgium, 21.26 to Poland, and 20.36 million kilos to Sweden.
Canada exported 99.84% of its peppers to the US market.
Spain is the main destination for Moroccan peppers; in 2019 the country purchased 59.06 million kilos of peppers from Morocco. In the past year, Morocco exported 32.51 million kilos of pepper to France, 13.13 to Germany, 9.06 to Mauritania, and 2.95 to Senegal.
Turkey exported 23.96 million kilos of peppers to Germany, 17.09 to Russia, 13.71 to Romania, 12.17 million kilos to Bulgaria (the country of entry to the rest of the EU), 14.48 to Russia, and 5.34 million kilos to Austria.