Tests of early ripe Belarusian varieties of Uladar potatoes are underway. Agronomists are waiting for the first crop to be ready at the end of June. This Is an interesting project for both Belarus and the Astrakhan region as the former is looking for new seed markets, and the latter needs constant updating of potato varieties.
According to the senior scientific researcher of the research institute, candidate of agricultural science Tamara Boeva, it is difficult to reproduce potatoes in the Astrakhan region: due to the hot climate and the accumulation of insect pests, the varieties lose their original characteristics after three to four years. Therefore, seed growers are constantly working to prevent the degeneration of varieties, as well as experiencing new species.
The agreement on cooperation between the Astrakhan region and Belarus has been in force since 1999.
“We planted this potato on April 9, the seedlings were friendly, buds are already being formed,” says Tamara Boeva, demonstrating seedlings in experimental plots. Astrakhan scientists planted ten kilograms of Uladar seeds in floodplain soils and as many in sandy loamy soil. Plants were treated against rodents and insect larvae.
All plantings were done manually, mechanized only the processes of plowing, cultivation and watering - drip irrigation systems were installed on the beds. Agronomists will also collect potatoes manually, examining each bush, measuring the height of the stems and counting the number of fruits and their weight. According to Astrakhan, under favorable conditions, the yield of Belarusian potatoes will be 45 tons per hectare.