The health crisis caused by the outbreak of the coronavirus in China has put the world garlic trade in check. Since 83% of all garlic consumed in the world comes from China, this country's blockade of exports due to the coronavirus and the rejection of large distribution chains to introduce Chinese garlic in their supermarkets has led to a global shortage of this product.
This has led to an increased interest in Spanish garlic, particularly for the garlic produced in Cordoba, mainly in the areas of Montalban or Santaella.
The provincial and national president of Ajo de Asaja, Miguel del Pino, stated that both exports and prices had significantly increased. As a result, Spanish garlic prices have risen by up to 40% going from 2 euro per kilo before the appearance of the sanitary alarm to prices that range between 2.60 and 2.80 kilos, depending on the caliber or variety range.
Mexico, Colombia, and Senegal have opened their markets to Cordoba's garlic
Manuel Vaquero, the founder and CEO of La Abuela Carmen, a company from Cordoba, said that the Chinese crisis "has led countries that had not demanded our products for decades to start buying Spanish garlic." Mexico, Mauritania, Colombia, and Senegal are some of the international markets that have opened their doors to Spanish garlic. According to Vaquero, this crisis has come at the best time for Cordoba producers, who still keep last year's harvest in cold storage and who were seeing the price go down because the cameras have to be emptied to store the fresh garlic of the season that is about to begin.
The sector expects prices will remain very high at the start of the new campaign, "Thus, we expect it will be a very good year for garlic producers," said Del Pino. In addition, he said, Cordoba's harvest, which starts around May 15, is the earliest harvest in Europe. "The fresh garlic from China will not arrive in Europe until August, so everything indicates that prices will remain very high," he added.