According to data provided by the Agrifood and Fisheries Information Service (SIAP), avocado production in the Mexican state of Michoacán has skyrocketed by 87% in the last decade alone. The cultivation area has increased significantly during the last four decades, from 30,979 hectares in 1980 to 167,745 hectares in 2019. In fact, last year the country broke its avocado production record after producing more than 1,725,000 tons, i.e. 3.4% more than in 2018.
With the exception of the Coast, all regions in the state produce avocado and its price in the international market has encouraged more producers to start cultivating it.
Other crops haven't had the same magnitude in the growth of hectares. In 1980, Michoacan devoted 968,553 hectares to agricultural food production; In 2017, the SIAP reported 1,153,141. This means that at the beginning of the 1980s, avocado production accounted for only 3.2% of the arable area in the entity, while it currently exceeds 14%.
This growth is due to the prices reached by avocado, mainly in international markets. In 1980, Michoacan had earnings of 1,553,430 pesos for just over 141,000 tons, i.e. each producer received an average of 11 pesos per ton of avocado produced that year. In 1990 the price of the ton had increased to 1,644 pesos, and in 2000 it stood at 4,679 pesos.
Prices have continued to increase. In 2017 the Rural Average Price stood at 20,961 pesos per ton.
In summary, in 4 decades the Rural Average Price and the profits of the producers have multiplied by more than 1,905 times in the local market alone.