Of the total area covered by blueberry production in Mexico, less than half (43%) is grown outdoors. Then, about 6% is grown under shade meshes and the remaining 50% is grown under cover or macro-tunnels.
According to the latest Report of the Agrifood and Fisheries Information Service of Mexico (SIAP), during 2019 a total area planted with blueberries in Mexico of a little over 3.786 hectares, located in the states of Jalisco, Michoacán, Sinaloa and Puebla, was reported , although 50% of the area planted with blueberries, or blueberry, is in the state of Jalisco, specifically in the municipalities of Zapotlán el Grande, Zalpoltictic, Tuxpan and Tala.
This area corresponds to the entire production, in a conventional and organic way, although the latter only represents an amount of 132 hectares, which is equivalent to 3.5% of the total area planted in the country. It should be noted, however, that the economic return values of blueberry production obtained in the organic modality is much higher compared to the traditional or conventional modality.
Certainly this difference in the values of organic production, versus the conventional one, is due to the fact that the production process is more expensive, because the fruit receivers and certifiers establish lists of permitted inputs, in the perspective of the sustainability of the intensive or industrial agriculture. In this framework, organic control of blueberries uses biological control to mitigate the damage caused by pests.
Regarding irrigation, 94% of the area planted with blueberries in Mexico, has mechanized irrigation systems, which ensures the constant water supply to the plants, through drip irrigation.
As reported by the SIAP, this area planted in Mexico produced a total of 40.251 tons, highlighting the crops produced in the state of Sinaloa, which achieved 18 tons per hectare, although it is also the area with less economic return, because the ton in Sinaloa it only reached a value of 32.000 MXM (USD1700), while the average for the rest of the country was 52.570 MXM (USD2800) per ton of fruit. The highest value was reached by Baja California with 124.264 MXM (USD6600).