The United States Department of Agriculture recently published a forecast of the global production and export of table grapes in the 2019-2020 season, predicting an increase of 4%, to 23.4 million tons. This growth is mainly due to increases in the production in China and India, which more than compensate for the losses recorded in the EU as a result of heavy rains.
China: China's production is expected to increase by 900,000 tons, reaching 10.8 million. This greater supply is expected to stimulate exports, which could increase by 30,000 tons and reach 320,000 tons. Those shipments would mostly be intended for Thailand and Vietnam. Meanwhile, imports should fall slightly, down to 250,000 tons.
India: India's production is forecast to increase by 200,000 tons to a record 3.0 million. The drop in the supply of export quality fruit will likely entail exports falling by 27,000 tons, down to 220,000 tons.
Turkey: Turkey's production is expected to increase slightly and reach 2.0 million tons. Exports should remain unchanged and stand at 180,000 tons, since the lack of new varieties demanded by consumers limits the foreign demand.
European Union: The EU's production is expected to fall by 220,000 tons, down to 1.4 million. Meanwhile, the demand is expected to remain at 690,000 tons, while exports should stand at 78,000 tons.
United States: The production in the United States is expected to remain stable at 998,000 tons. Exports are forecast to drop by 23,000 tons and remain at 345,000 due to the lower demand from Mexico, while imports should reach a record 645,000 tons.
Peru: Peru's production is expected to reach 648,000 tons. On a similar line, exports should increase by 16,000 tons and stand at 400,000 tons, with most shipments going to the United States.
Chile: Chile's production is expected to fall by 26,000 tons and stand at 809,000 tons, mostly due to the dry weather. Exports are forecast to drop by 20,000 tons and amount to 640,000 tons.
Russia: Russia's production should remain stable at 21,000 tons. Meanwhile, imports are expected to drop by 10,000 tons, down to 280,000 tons.
South Africa: South Africa's production has been forecast to increase by 12,000 tons, to 310,000 tons. Greater supplies and a higher demand in Asian markets are expected to give exports a slight boost. They should increase by 10,000 tons and reach 285,000 tons.
Australia: Australia's production is expected to increase by 30,000 tons and reach 240,000 tons. The larger supply should result in exports increasing by 20%, to 175,000 tons. In the past 5 years, Australia has normally exported more than 60% of its production each year.