The south of the Iberian Peninsula is the only region in continental Europe with a significant commercial avocado production. Worldwide, a total of close to 6 million tons are produced, which is almost double the figure reached 15 years ago. Most of the production is carried out in the American continent.
The bulk of the Spanish production is grown on the Andalusian Mediterranean coast, especially in the provinces of Malaga and Granada, although in recent years the crop has also gained ground in the Portuguese Algarve and, to a lesser extent, in the provinces of Cádiz and Huelva and in the Region of Valencia. There are currently about 1,000 hectares devoted to avocado cultivation in the Algarve and about 10,000 in mainland Spain, as well as more than 1,500 hectares in the Canary Islands.
The expansion of avocado cultivation has been favored by the crop's ability to adapt to different edafoclimatic zones, as well as by the existence of a consolidated market and a growing worldwide demand, along with attractive prices. Spain also has its own advantages, such as the existence of few major pests and the proximity to the European market.