Tree nut annual for Turkey

Turkey has "off-year" for pistachio production, low volumes expected

Pistachio production is cyclical in Turkey. There are “on-years” during which harvests are significantly higher than during “off-years”. Therefore, yields can vary dramatically from year to year and also between regions and orchards in Turkey. It is "off-year" for pistachios in Turkey therefore low amount of pistachio production is expected. Besides the production Turkey will mostly rely on stocks from last year in Market Year 2019/20. Turkey relies on imports for almonds and walnuts to meet the demand. 20 percent retaliatory tariffs on US originated walnuts and almonds have been halved to 10 percent while other origins pay only the basic tariff rate of 15 percent. Turkey is the major producer of hazelnuts in the world, no extraordinary event have been recorded to create a major effect on the yield.

Almond production in Turkey is forecast to decrease to 14,500 MT in MY 2019/20, down from 16,000 MT in MY 2018/19. The almond trees started to bear fruit in late February in 2019 in Datca peninsula, the region of earliest production. Rains were heavier than normal levels and more than last IY, affecting the harvest in the region. Although Datca peninsula is famous for its almonds among Turkish consumers, the amount of almonds harvested from the region is a minor amount in the overall almond production of Turkey.

Turkey is a net importer of almonds and the United States continues to be the major supplier of high quality almonds in MY 2019/20. Australia, Spain, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Iran are the other suppliers of almonds to Turkey

In MY 2018/19, production of walnuts is expected to reach 65,000 MT. In the Marmara region of Turkey, where some of the best commercial walnut orchards are located, there was a bit more rain in IY 2018/19 than the normal average of the last decade , but a bit less rainfall was observed compared to last IY. Throughout the whole country, the rainfall in Irrigation Year 2018/19 was more than the 10 year average and higher than last year. There was no reported major frost in the spring affecting walnuts.

In MY 2018/19, production of walnuts is expected to reach 65,000 MT. In the Marmara region of Turkey, where some commercial walnut orchards are located, there was a bit more rain in IY 2018/19 than the normal average of the last decade , but a bit less rainfall was observed compared to last IY. Throughout the whole country, the rainfall in Irrigation Year 2018/19 was more than the 10 year average and higher than last year. There was no reported major frost in the spring affecting walnuts.

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For more information: 
USDA Foreign Agriculture Service
Tel: +1 202 720 2791
Email: askusda@usda.gov  
www.fas.usda.gov 


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