Scientists from the Botanical Survey of India (BSI) have discovered two new species of ginger from Nagaland, a state in northeastern India. While Zingiber perenense has been discovered from the Peren district, Zingiber dimapurense was found in the Dimapur district of the state.
Details of both discoveries were published in two peer-reviewed journals earlier this year. Of the two species, Zingiber dimapurense is taller in size, with leafy shoots measuring 90-120 cm high, whereas the leafy shoots of Zingiber perenense reach up to 70 cm in height.
For Zingiber dimapurense, the lip of the flower (modified corolla) is white in colour, with dense dark- purplish red blotches. Its pollen is a creamy-white and ovato-ellipsoidal, whereas the fruit is an oblong 4.5 cm-5.5 cm long capsule. In the case of Zingiber perenense, which was discovered about 50 km from where the other species was found, the lip of the flower is white with purplish-red streaks throughout, and the pollen is ellipsoidal.
More studies required
“Most species of ginger have medicinal values. More studies are required to ascertain the medicinal properties of the newly discovered species,” thehindu.com learned.