Peru has established itself as Latin America's leading producer of mandarins and the main exporter of this fruit in the Americas. Each year these indicators continue to increase, so this industry is expected to continue developing.
Agraria.pe spoke with the agricultural consultant specialist in citrus fruits, Horacio Berrios, who said that Peru could satisfy the demand for mandarins with the Satsuma variety, in the early stage of the campaign, with the W.Murcott and Tango varieties, in the late stage of the campaign. However, the country is lacking a variety that has a good development to satisfy the demand for this fruit in the middle of the campaign.
"The Peruvian clementine industry (the variety that is called to serve the market in the middle of the campaign) was developed 20 years ago and the fruit had many skin quality problems (it was stained) so those fields were quickly reconverted with early or late varieties," he said.
"We failed in the clementine industry, except for certain producers in some valleys, such as Ica, who were able to manage the variety. That's something that the industry still has to do: develop clementine varieties for the middle of the season, and develop them in the locations where they would perform great, which would greatly benefit the industry," he added.
He also said that the harvest period of these varieties (April-May) was very attractive, especially for the US market, because there is a shortage of mandarins in that period and the price return was very interesting.
Berrios stressed that the Octubrina clementine variety (from Citrus Genesis) would have potential in Peru because it is very productive, has a good caliber, and develops well. "We have to start looking for alternatives that could fit between the months of April and May."
The specialist said that Arequipa was a region where new mandarin investments could be developed.