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USDA GAIN report

Chile: Nearly 30% of all avocado production is destined for domestic market

At the moment, one would be hard-pressed to think of a more popular fruit than avocado. For Chile, its versatility and availability throughout the year makes it a staple food. As such, nearly thirty percent of all the Chilean avocado production is destined to the domestic market. While there are many avocado varieties such as Edranol, Negra de la Cruz, and Fuerte, Hass avocado reached eighty-eight percent of the total 29,166 hectares (ha) planted.

For MY2018/19, Chilean avocado producers strategically delayed harvest to avoid overlapping export supplies with competitor suppliers. The Chilean Avocado Committee (CAC) estimates that 2018/19 production will reach 245,000 metric tons (MT), which represents an 8.8 percent increase over MY2017/18.

Chileans themselves prefer the Hass avocado variety due to its size, creamy consistency, and taste. To date, avocado producers have planted 25,660 ha of this variety or 88 percent of the total avocado area planted in Chile.

According to CAC, production will reach 245,000 MT in MY2018/19 (July 2018 to June 2019), which represents an 8.8 percent increase over MY2017/18. In a normal year, Chilean avocado harvest starts in June, but in MY2018/19, avocado producers strategically delayed the harvest until July in order to avoid overlapping with the Peruvian avocado supply.

Unlike other fruits produced in Chile, the avocado fruit has a strong domestic demand that reaches 66,000 MT per year or 30 percent of annual avocado production. Chilean avocado price increases during May and June when it can reach up to $8 per kilogram (1 kilogram = 2.205 pounds) since there are no domestic supplies available during those months. Most of the avocados available in the  domestic market arrive mainly from Peru and Mexico, but also from the United States.

Click here for the full report.

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