Spain: Aubergine prices up 938% from field to fork

Prices at origin are currently very far from the values ​​reached by fruits and vegetables in the retail. The study published monthly by the Coordinator of Organizations of Growers and Ranchers (COAG) together with the consumer associations UCE and Ceaccu shows that, in the past month, aubergines, a common crop in Almeria, were sold at origin for 0.16 Euro per kilo on average, while consumers had to pay 1.66 Euro, according to the aforementioned study, called "Index of Food Prices at Origin and Destination" (Ipod), which these groups have been publishing since May 2008.

This means that the gap between the price paid to the producer and that paid by the consumer reached 938%; or in other words, that the price from field to fork was multiplied by 10.38.

In the report for April, aubergines recorded the second widest margin, only behind cabbage, whose price increased by 958% from origin to destination. Next in the ranking we find apples, with a gap exceeding 500%, from the 0.30 Euro per kilo paid to the growers to the 1.88 Euro on average at retailers.

Within the scope of fruits and vegetables in the province of Almeria, courgettes were another food recording major differences between the price at origin and its value at destination, as growers were paid 0.27 Euro, compared to 1.47 Euro in the retail. These figures show a percentage increase of 441%, i.e. the price multiplied by 5.4 from field to fork. Furthermore, tomatoes for salad recorded a 414% gap between the prices at origin and destination, from 0.42 to 2.16 Euro.

Behind aubergines, courgettes and tomatoes, next in the ranking are cucumbers, which during April recorded an average price at origin of 0.31 Euro, compared to 1.56 Euro in the retail, which represented a 403% increase. Other fruit and vegetable products, such as peppers, recorded increases always above 200%. In the case of green peppers, the increase recorded from field to fork reached 217%. It was somewhat higher in the case of red peppers, with a 256% gap.

Looking at the 25 foods from agriculture and livestock taken into account in April by Coag, UCE and Ceaccu, the global differential in relation to the previous month has gone from slightly less than 280% to 308%.


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