Scientists in New Zealand are attempting to create lab-grown fruit from plant cells, without the parts that are usually thrown away (like apple cores).

The team of scientists from New Zealand’s Plant & Food Research cites the reasons behind their pioneering research into lab-grown fruit: to solve food insecurity, create more sustainable agriculture and safeguard against the effects of climate change. From a wider perspective, scientists are looking at ways to feed the growing population with fewer areas to grow food.

The team’s research into lab-grown fruit technology could also help reduce food waste, a major source of methane emissions, as the fruits they hope to make from plant cells wouldn’t contain the parts that are normally discarded, such as the cores of apples or rinds of oranges.