Uzbekistan and Russia are actively developing infrastructure for storing and transporting fruit and vegetable products. Uzbekistan plans to increase its exports to the Russian market to $1 billion by 2030. However, there are obstacles, including a complex system of intermediaries, inefficient supply chains, and low competitiveness of the products.
Experts point out that limited interaction between producers and consumers in Uzbekistan has led to higher costs and product prices. Traditional farming methods also reduce competitiveness. Smuggled imports across the borders with the Eurasian Economic Union add instability and increased expenses.
Experts also note that the presence of numerous intermediaries between producers and the market contributes to higher product prices.
Trade in fruits and vegetables between Uzbekistan and the Eurasian Economic Union countries frequently involves high levels of corruption and operates informally.
Russian companies are establishing logistics centers in Uzbekistan and developing the "Agroexpress" project, which has the potential to increase transportation volumes between the two countries but requires solutions to financial and logistical issues.
Overall, the development of cooperation in agriculture and trade in fruit and vegetable products between Uzbekistan and Russia promises mutual benefits and stabilization of prices in both countries' markets.