The FAO has released a report called ‘Durian Global Trade Overview 2023’. The report provides a concise evaluation of the latest trends and developments in the global trade of durians, a tropical fruit that has been gaining popularity. It offers insights into the current state of the market, including factors influencing supply and demand, trade patterns, and potential opportunities and challenges.
Durian is an exceptionally high-value crop, and, being one of the most prolific fruits in Southeast Asia, the export market for durian has been experiencing vibrant growth over the last two decades. Latest available data indicate that globally traded quantities increased more than tenfold between 2003 and 2022, intermittently reaching a peak of 930 000 tons in 2021.
Income growth and rapidly changing consumer preferences in importing countries – most importantly China – alongside substantial improvements in cold chain technologies and transit times have facilitated this expansion in trade. While no precise data on production are available, the key producing countries of durian are Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia, with combined production amounting to an estimated 3 million tons per annum. Thailand by far ranks as the main exporter of durian, accounting for an average of 94 percent of world shipments over 2020–2022.