Australia can now export roasted macadamia nuts to the United States, in their shell or husk. This new market access comes after Australia provided scientific evidence that the roasting process removed phytosanitary pest risks. After this, the US Animal & Plant Health Inspection Service updated its import requirements.
Roasted macadamias represent a small portion of Australia’s macadamia exports. The market access gives exporters an opportunity to diversify their export profile by value-adding or producing specialty products.
Macadamia exports have increased to most key markets, particularly China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam and the US. The average export unit value increased from $7.23/kg in 2012–13 to $12.44/kg in 2021–22. This is down from a high of $14.39/kg in 2018–19. International competition and reduced consumer spending are the main drivers behind reduced prices.
Great international demand has led to increased macadamia tree plantings in Australia. The total number of commercial macadamia trees has increased from around 4.9 million in 2010–11 to almost 8.0 million in 2020–21 (+62%). Since 2017–18, the number of new plantings (non-bearing trees) has increased sharply.