The Nepalese government has given an in-principle approval to send seasonal migrant workers to foreign countries. The Seasonal Workers Management Working Guideline 2022 permits local level to select suitable candidates and send them to work temporarily in foreign countries.
The government moved to pass legislation to send Nepali citizens abroad as seasonal workers following a shortage of farm hands, in particular, after the Covid-19 pandemic. Germany, Italy, Spain, France and Poland employ large numbers of migrant agricultural laborers.
According to the International Labour Organisation (ILO), the international movement of migrant agricultural and horticultural workers in many parts of the world has been historically governed through "seasonal foreign worker programs". The governments of the respective countries provide temporary visas to migrant workers during the planting and harvesting seasons.