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South Africa initiates WTO dispute against EU citrus blackspot regulations

The Department of Agriculture, Land Reform and Rural Development (DALRRD) and the
Department of Trade, Industry and Competition (the dtic) have announced that SA has
requested consultations with the European Union in the World Trade Organisation in relation
to phytosanitary trade regulations imposed on South African citrus by the European Union

This action was initiated to find a lasting solution to the EU's phytosanitary regulations on
Citrus Black Spot (CBS), in order to protect the livelihoods of tens of thousands of people in
the local citrus industry. The steps taken by the SA Government has the support of the Citrus
Growers' Association of Southern Africa (CGA)

CBS is a fungal infection that can result in cosmetic blemishes on the affected fruit. Despite
the world's leading scientists proving that CBS cannot be transmitted through the actual fruit
as a pathway, the EU has continued to enforce measures on South African citrus growers.
These involve a detailed spray programme and inspections at orchard and packhouse level
with significant financial burden and other unintended consequences for the South African

Thoko Didiza, Minister of Agriculture, Land Reform and Rural Development highlighted the
importance of jobs in the citrus industry. "Rural economies throughout the country depend on
the export of citrus for their income. Currently, the industry cannot afford the almost R2 billion
that is needed to comply with the EU's trade restrictive regulations."

Ebrahim Patel, Minister of Trade, Industry and Competition stressed that "the EU market
makes up one third of all citrus exports from South Africa and is central to the profitability of
the citrus industry. The EU's volumes cannot be absorbed by other markets. The consultations
are a critical step in the WTO towards effective resolution of South Africa's concerns. This
follows many years of attempts by South Africa, through good faith engagement, to find a
solution to trade-restrictive measures by the EU against South African products. It is our view
that the measures by the EU are not justified, proportionate or appropriate".

Justin Chadwick, the CEO of the CGA stated that "the industry welcomes government's
actions and the industry is hoping for efficient resolution of the matter in view that the
consultations are initiated as this year's citrus export season commences". Projections show
that if all industry stakeholders come together, the industry will be able to produce an additional 100 million 15kg cartons over the next eight years. "This can create 100 000 more jobs and generate an additional R20 billion in annual revenue, but this potential will surely be lost if the EU market narrows," he said.

The action by the South African government seeks to safeguard an agricultural sector that
contributes significantly to the economy. The South African government looks forward to
constructive consultations with the EU to find an amicable solution.

For more information:
Bongani Lukhele
[email protected]
Tel: (012) 394 1643

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