The EU produces a wide range of fruit, berries and nuts. An estimated 36.8 million tons were harvested in 2020, of which 14.3 million tons were pome fruit (apples and pears), 11.4 million tons were citrus fruit (such as oranges, satsumas and lemons), 6.5 million were stone fruit (such as peaches, nectarines, apricots, cherries and plums).
Spain and Italy are the main EU producers of fruit. Still, for some specific fruit, other member states were key producers.
Thousands of varieties of apple are grown worldwide, many of which have been created and selected to grow in varied climates. This has enabled commercial apple production to take place in all member states.
Some three in every ten apples produced in the EU (30.0 %) were harvested in Poland in 2020. The other principal apple-producing member states were Italy (20.8 % of the EU total) and France (13.7 %). By contrast, orange production and peach production are much more restricted by climatic conditions. Over 90 % of all oranges and peaches produced in the EU came from Spain, Italy and Greece.