Several studies have indicated that diet plays a crucial role in maintaining and altering the gut microbiome. Gut microbial population and abundance affect the levels of metabolites, such as acetate, butyrate, and propionate, which affect physiological functions. A recent Scientific Reports study looked at how grapes influence the human microbiome.
In the United States alone, six million tons of grapes are produced every year. Several studies have indicated that grape consumption manifests an array of responses associated with inflammation, gastrointestinal health, urinary bladder function, vision, atherosclerosis, and atherosclerosis.
Furthermore, models point to the fact that dietary grapes have pronounced effects on gene expression that influences several diseases in the liver or brain. In humans, grape consumption can lead to an increase in the alpha-diversity index of the gut microbiome. Reduced total bile acid and cholesterol levels has also been correlated with grape consumption.
The current study revealed that grape consumption alters the taxonomic composition of the microbiome, KEGG pathways, enzyme levels, and metabolic profile. In the future, more research is needed to understand whether these changes have broader health benefits.