In 2021, the price of Chinese garlic in major production areas first rose then fell. Warehouse owners purchased garlic at relatively high prices in 2021, which increased the financial risk for them. Price fluctuations were less pronounced than in 2020, but still showed regular ups and downs.
The five main garlic provinces in China are in Shandong, Henan, Jiangsu, Hebei, and Yunnan. Shandong has three of the largest garlic production areas in the world: Jinxiang, Cangshan, and Laiwu. The overall surface area devoted to garlic plantation in the five main garlic provinces reached 464,953 hectares in 2021. That was an expansion of 6.59% compared to 2020.
Although the overall surface area devoted to garlic plantation expanded, planting started late. Henan suffered continuous rainfall, and there was a rumor that the rain caused the garlic seeds to rot. That is why garlic growers focused on secondary production areas where the overall surface area devoted to garlic plantation slightly increased. However, garlic planting started two or three weeks late this year. The garlic production volume next year is expected to slightly decline. Whether the expansion of the surface area devoted to garlic plantations offset the decline in production volume per hectare remains a hotly debated issue in the industry.
The garlic price is expected to weaken after Chinese Spring Festival [1 February, 2022]. Indonesia traditionally announces new garlic import quotas in March, and the price of Chinese garlic may then go up again.
Source: My Agricultural Products Online