The earliest variety of navel, the Washington navel orange, was grown from a cutting off Brazil's mutated sweet orange in 1870. In the early 20th century, navel oranges were introduced to China through several plantings. At present, there are more than 100 countries and regions in the world that produce navel oranges, and the main ones are the United States, Brazil and China. The main production areas of navel oranges in China are located in 12 provinces, municipalities, and autonomous regions such as Chongqing, Jiangxi, Hubei, Hunan, and Sichuan.
In recent years, the cultivation of navel oranges in China has been expanding, and it has become the country with the largest navel orange planting area in the world. According to statistics, the planting area of navel Oranges in China was 4.150 million mu in 2020, mainly concentrated in Jiangxi, Sichuan, Chongqing, Hubei, Hunan, Guangxi, and Guangdong.
China's navel orange production showed an overall upward trend
Data shows that the domestic production of navel oranges in 2020 was about 3.366 million tons.
The market size of China's navel orange has increased year by year from 2015 to 2020. Data shows that China's navel orange market reached 30.431 billion yuan in 2020.
In terms of market segmentation, the fresh fruit sector is the mainstay, and the processing sector is mostly in the primary processing stage of commercialization. According to statistics, the market size of fresh navel orange was 30.097 billion yuan in 2020, and the size of the deep processing market was 334 million yuan.
Among all the production regions, Ganzhou, Jiangxi, with its superior geographical location, has the world's largest navel orange planting area, and its production ranked the third in the world (after Spain and the United States), accounting for more than 40% of the total output of navel oranges in China. Ganzhou has now become the largest fresh navel orange production area, with an annual output of one million tons. According to statistics, the planting area of navel oranges in Gannan was 1.7 million mu in 2020, and its output of navel oranges reached 1.38 million tons.
Source: Guan Yan Tian Xia