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The Lorena avocado variety could significantly increase Colombia's export figures

Colombia's avocado production has experienced great growth in recent years, positioning itself as one of the country's agricultural sector's most important products. The Hass variety is one of the most demanded varieties at a global level, but other cultivars are gaining more and more room in the international market. One of these varieties is the Lorena avocado, a commercially important variety originating in Palmira, Valle del Cauca, that will help to significantly increase the country's export figures in a very short time.

Llanofrut, an association of farmers from the municipality of Lejanias, Meta, that is dedicated to the production, commercialization, and export of guava, pear, and mangosteen, hopes to obtain the Good Agricultural Practices certification by the ICA in November, and an exporting registry for two Lorena avocado farms.

Martin Emilio Muñoz Nohava, the president of Llanofrut, said the Lorena avocado was very demanded in the national market and that it could be differentiated from the Hass avocado, mainly because of its weight and size, as the Lorena ranges between 400 and 800 grams, while the Hass ranges from 150 to 400 grams.

Claudia Vinasco, the director of sustainability at Contactar Microfinanciera, said its external appearance and flavor were also different, as the Lorena avocado tends to be lighter and less creamy, has shiny smooth skin, an elongated shape, and a dark green color.

Producers must take into consideration some factors to achieve a good performance in the harvest of this variety. Some of the key factors to have a successful production process include climate, humidity, rainfall, and specialized care. The representative of Llanofrut said the Lorena avocado had high yields in areas with low altitudes, such as the geographical location of their farms, which are at 400 to 600 meters above sea level.

The Lorena is harvested twice a year (in the first quarter and in the last half of the year), and in some cases, it can be harvested up to three times. The ideal temperature for its production ranges between 23° C and 34° C, he added.

Tolima accounts for 18% of the national production
According to the data provided by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the departments of Tolima, Antioquia, Caldas, Santander, Bolívar, Cesar, Valle del Cauca, and Quindío account for 86% of the total area planted with avocado in the country. However, Tolima is the leader in terms of planted area (23,684 ha) and production (90,245 t), while Bolivar is the first in terms of yield per hectare. It should be noted that to date, the country has 34,060 registered hectares planted with avocado.



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