The director of the Regional Investment Center (CRI) of Dakhla, Mounir Houari, has told a group of French businessmen that the Moroccan government is going to promote the construction of a large desalination plant to supply irrigation water to 5,000 hectares of crops.
The new desalination plant will be built in Dajla, an area that will also have two logistics platforms -the Bir Ganduz and El Guerguarat (of 35 hectares each), a 900-megawatt wind farm, the Dakhla Atlantic port, and a West Africa Free Zone attached to the port.
According to a report presented by the Mundubat NGO and the COAG agricultural organization, one of the largest tomato production centers in the world is being built in the Dakhla region.
According to this report, the agricultural production in Western Sahara is concentrated in a perimeter of about 70 km around the city of Dakhla. Its expansion, based on the cultivation mainly of tomato (around 80%) and melon (around 20%), began in the first years of this century, favored by a favorable climate that allows cultivating and harvesting the products 2 or 3 weeks before the Sous region, therefore, positioning them more advantageously in the European markets. Dakhla's phytosanitary conditions are also conducive. In addition, since the region's water for irrigation contains phosphate, the cherry tomatoes produced there have high quality and consistency, something that's important for long-distance transport. According to some sources, the availability of water resources was an important factor for the establishment of the first companies in the sector, which had previously been established in the Sous region, where the decreasing aquifers have been widely overexploited.