Container ports in the US have climbed into the top 20 in the first half of 2021. Volumes from Hong Kong, Kaohsiung, Dubai and Hamburg decreased –3,6%, -4,9% -3,6% and –6,7% respectively in the same period in 2019.
Hong Kong's long-term decline continues whose volumes have fallen every year except one for the past decade as the multi-carrier port has battled competitors in southern China. Its closest geographic rival, Shenzhen, has increased its volumes by 11% since the first half of 2019, while ports in the smaller Guangdong province west of the Delta also attracted more cargo. Hong Kong now ranks 2017th globally.
The ports of Dubai-Jebel Ali have also seen their cargo mobilization drop as the port has suffered from local competition. In fact, a number of nearby facilities have announced ambitious expansion plans in recent years, even as demand has not been apparent.
Hamburg recorded the biggest drop compared to the first half of 2019, at –6,7%, and was the only one to drop out of the three main European countries.