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Data analysis of Chinese garlic export in July, 2021

The Chinese garlic export volume in July increased in comparison to June. The main export destinations were Indonesia, Vietnam, and Malaysia. The main suppliers of the export market were production areas in Shandong, Jiangsu, and Henan. The average export price of dried garlic was higher than the average export prices of fresh and cold storage garlic.

1. Garlic export volume continues to grow

China primarily exports fresh and cold storage garlic, dried garlic, pickled garlic, and brine garlic. Refined garlic is falling behind. In July China exported a total of 185,200 tons of garlic, which was an increase of 7.11% compared to June, but a decline of 21.59% compared to July last year.

2. Indonesia and Vietnam remain the largest export destinations

The main importers of garlic around the world are Indonesia, Brazil, Malaysia, Vietnam, the USA, Bangladesh, Russia, Pakistan, and Saudi Arabia. Together these nine countries account for 56.77% of the global garlic import volume. China primarily exported garlic to Indonesia, Vietnam, Malaysia, the USA, Thailand, the Philippines, and UAE in July. Indonesia imported 28.34% of the Chinese export volume, while Vietnam and Malaysia imported 9.04% and 7.35% respectively. Indonesia imported around one third of the Chinese garlic export volume. Indonesian households and processing factories consumed around 500,000 tons of garlic. Their domestic production volume was only around 20,000 tons, and the remaining 480,000 tons came from China. In other words, more than 90% of the Indonesian consumption volume was imported from China.

China generally exports low-quality garlic to Indonesia. The average price level of garlic exported to Indonesia is only about 75% of the average price level of Chinese garlic in general. Southeast Asian countries have greatly expanded the overall surface area devoted to garlic plantation in the last few years, but due to weather conditions and garlic seedling varieties, the overall quality does not compare to Chinese garlic, and the appearance is not as great either. That is why Chinese garlic remains popular with buyers around the world.

3. Shandong is the largest supplier of the export market

The main production areas of Chinese export garlic are in Shandong, Henan, and jiangsu. The garlic production in Henan suffered from outbreaks of Covid-19 and heavy rainfall, so their share in the export volume declined. Shandong accounted for 68.17% of the export volume in July, and Jiangsu for 12.36%, but Henan only for 6.62%. Breaking down the data for fresh and cold storage garlic, Shandong accounted for 67.15%, Jiangsu for 13.61%, and Henan for 6.59%. And for dried garlic those figures were 76.68% for Shandong, 6.92% for Henan, and 6.89% for Hebei. Jiangsu primarily supplies its dried garlic to domestic wholesale markets. They only accounted for 1.89% of the Chinese export volume of dried garlic in July.

4. Average price of dried garlic is higher than fresh or cold storage garlic

The average export price of fresh and cold storage garlic was 1,022.19 USD per ton in July, which was 0.71% lower than in June, but 54.05% higher than in July last year. In July the export volume slightly declined and the price dropped a little.


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