In the Fergana region of Uzbekistan, there is a trend in the change in the ratio of stone fruit trees at local farms; it is a reduction -over the past 5 to 7 years- in the area of apricot orchards (mainly local varieties) in favor of peach plantations, in regions specialized and climatically adapted for these crops.
The new orchards consisted mainly of trendy apricot varieties (Shalakh, Hungarian and others) for the fresh market, which are sold at a higher price than traditional local varieties. At the same time, cherries are still trending, showing is a tendency to expand the cherry orchard acreage.
As it turns out, the main reason for the reduction of apricot orchards of local traditional varieties and their replacement by peach plantations is that the production of outdated apricot varieties has become unprofitable. Due to the low price, the proceeds from its sale do not cover the costs of its production. The downward trend in world prices for both fresh and dried apricots is global.
However, the unprofitable production of local traditional apricot varieties is characteristic of the Fergana Valley. Since this region is located in the northern part of Uzbekistan, the start of apricot harvesting here falls at the peak of the harvest in the southern part of the country (for example, in the Surkhandarya and Kashkadarya regions). Therefore, there are enough production volumes in the country’s markets, and the prices for apricots are already low during this period.
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