The Tierra Platform Markets team (Cajamar) prepared the 'Greenhouse vegetables - Provisional balance of the 2020-2021 campaign', a report in which it analyzed the behavior of prices, the evolution of production, external demand, and the actions of competing countries in this sector, between September and March.
"The balance of the campaign during these first months has been positive. The production volume is similar to the one achieved in the same period of the 2019/2020 campaign and average prices were higher than in the previous period," the report concluded. The report also states that the wintering area increased by 1.8% over the previous year, reaching 40,218 hectares between Almeria, Granada, and Murcia in 2020. This evolution of the wintering area resulted in a 4.1% increase in the cultivated area of the main vegetables produced in these months.
The report used the only data currently available, corresponding to the production in Almeria – which accounted for more than 80% of the wintering area in the main producing areas from September to March – to analyze the evolution of production. Up until March, Almeria's greenhouses produced 1,955.3 million tons of horticultural crops, a very similar volume than in the 2019/2020 campaign and 4.7% higher than the average of the last five campaigns.
Zucchini production stood out as it increased by 9.6%. Tomato production increased by 2%. Pepper production registered a slight 0.9% decrease, but it was 9.6% higher than the average of the last five seasons. The production of aubergines and cucumbers fell by 2.1% and 1.7%, respectively.
According to Cajamar, in general, greenhouse vegetable average prices have been positive so far (September-April). The average price of the analyzed products (aubergine, zucchini, cucumber, pepper, and tomato) increased. "However, neither production nor the market has behaved in a linear manner during these months," the document states. The month of April has been especially difficult for producers of aubergine, zucchini, and cucumbers, as their prices have been very low and have oscillated between 0.15-0.30 euro/kg.
Meanwhile, pepper prices in March and April have been very high, reaching a maximum of 2.12 euro/kg in week 13, even higher than the prices reached in the 2020 lockdown. Tomato prices were 20% higher than in the same spring months of the previous season.
You can read the detailed report here.