In early January, the market price of garlic shoots was 50 yuan per half a kilo. Every year when the Spring Festival approaches, many areas across China are in a transition period in terms of vegetable supply. Garlic shoots are one of the vegetables that are in transition. Supply during this period was almost all from Yunnan, and farm gate wholesale prices were 17-20 yuan per half a kilo. In March, as the product from many areas of the Yangtze River became available, the wholesale price dropped to 4-5 yuan per half a kilo. In early April, early variety garlic and garlic shoots from the Huanghuaihai area became available, and the price fell even greater from 5 yuan to 1.4 yuan per half a kilo in just a few days.
What are the factors that affect prices? The time a product becomes available is mainly decided by where it’s grown and its variety.
The planting time varies from region to region. Generally speaking, the more south an area is, the earlier the product comes onto the market. The temperature in the south is higher, so the product grows faster and becomes available earlier.
Variety also decides the time the product goes on the market. Garlic has early, mid and late varieties. Early varieties are on the market early. Due to insufficient market supply, the price is high. By the time late varieties become available, the supply is highly abundant, and the price is low. In addition to this, the price also depends on the quality of the product - the fresher the product, the higher the price.
Temperatures rose earlier this year, which brought favorable conditions for the growth of vegetables. Garlic shoots from the northern producing areas became available ahead of schedule, which coincided with the southern market. As a result, there is currently a high volume on the market. In addition, the product from Jiangsu and Henan are also flooding onto the market. This determines the inevitable decline in prices. This trend will probably continue until May, and the price may fall to 0.5-0.8 per half a kilo, but after the market season passes, the price will once again rise.