The state of Michoacan established itself as one of the main melon-producing entities in Mexico. According to data from the Agrifood and Fisheries Information Service (SIAP), Michoacan produced 91,292 tons of melons last year, i.e. 5.7% more than in the 2019 campaign.
This production, the highest in the last three years, allowed the entity to step up one place and become the third-largest melon-producing Mexican state, only behind Coahuila, with 149,000 tons, and Sonora, with 127,000 tons.
According to an assessment made by the SIAP based on the average rural price of melons, which stood at approximately 4,811 pesos per ton, Michoacan's production was worth 439 million pesos.
According to information from the Ministry of Rural and Agri-food Development (Sedrua) of Michoacan, a good part of Michoacan's melon production is destined for export. For example, the producers of Zicuiran, in the municipality of La Huacana, produce more than 15,000 tons of melon each year and send 80% of their production to the United States and Japan for a value that exceeds 1.6 million dollars.
Data from the same state agency indicate that the melon value chain currently provides jobs, both directly and indirectly, to about 3,000 people, with a production that has remained relatively stable over the last decade. La Sedrua highlighted that at least 105 producers of the almost 650 officially recognized producers are women heads of households.
It is important to point out that melon was one of the 20 crops selected to start the Sustainable Agriculture program in 2019, which focused on minimizing the use of chemical fertilizers and their environmental impact on planting soils while reducing costs for farmers and increasing the quality of crops. In addition, the SIAP stated, there was an increase in the average yield per hectare, which went from 33 tons in 2019 to more than 36 tons in 2020.