Although Spain’s lemon industry is a net fixer of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) and its carbon footprint is favorable, the industry could promote even greater CO2 fixation in the future. That’s one of the conclusions from a recent report from the Lemon and Grapefruit Interprofessional Association (AILIMPO).
AILIMPO has indicated a series of recommendations; if implemented in the coming years, they will improve the current levels of CO2 fixation. Some of these recommendations are:
- Continued innovation in irrigation efficiency and optimizing the use of water and fertilizers (especially nitrogen fertilizers)
- Increasing soil organic matter
- Promotion of organic farming. The limitation of nitrogen fertilization to organic amendments, the scarce phytosanitary treatments and the maintenance of a better soil structure have an impact on a greater fixation of CO2 in the soil and the generation of lower emissions.
- Promotion of biological and biotechnological control to reduce the number of phytosanitary treatments
- Selection of electricity suppliers with a guarantee of origin that offers a high percentage of renewable sources (even 100%)
- Generation of renewable energy on farms to cover the electricity needs of irrigation installations
- Modernization of agricultural machinery
- Renewal of vehicle fleets for others with lower emissions and even using alternative energies to fossil fuels
- Training goods drivers in efficient driving
- Carrying out energy audits and carbon footprint analysis
- Investments in renewable energies
- Energy valuation of organic waste