Spanish fruits and vegetables compete with Italian produce both on the national market and abroad. Since Madrid entered the common market in 1985, but above all since the development of the European single market, Spanish products have been firmly established in Europe and the world. Spain became a leading country regarding fruit and vegetable exports.
Although Spanish exports grew 88% in volume between 1995 and 2020, there was strong growth in imports of fresh fruits and vegetables as well, increasing by 190% during the same period. Despite a domestic production of fresh fruit and vegetables of over 25 million tons, the strong growth in imports in Spain is due to several factors.
Firstly, there is the growth of the Spanish population, which went from 40 to 47 million in the period 1995-2020. At the same time, the economic growth over these 25 years also favored a change in the diet of Spaniards, who are increasingly inclined to consume exotic fruits.
Sales of berries, strawberries, raspberries and blueberries reached 140,000 tons in 2020, of which 80% were imported from Morocco and 9% from Portugal. In the case of blueberries, Peru also plays an important role, accounting for 3% of imports.
Exotic fruit imports -pineapple, avocado and mango- saw an exponential growth, so much so that total volumes have gone from 35,000 tons in 1995 to 395,000 tons in 2020. The pineapples come mainly from Costa Rica, the Mangoes for 60% from Brazil and 25% from Peru, avocados for 46% from Peru, 8% from Morocco, while Chile and Colombia maintain a 6% share.