Since the UK's separation from the EU, there has been the creation of a brand new border within the UK: the Irish Sea border. This is part of the Northern Ireland Protocol - a contentious aspect of the Brexit deal, which introduced checks on goods crossing the Irish Sea as a compromise in order to avoid checks on the land border with the Republic of Ireland.
Alas, these checks have proved to be controversial and the protocol is opposed by Northern Ireland's unionist parties, who interpret it as undermining their place in the UK.
James Allen, the managing director of haulage firm Allen Logistics, knows all about the challenges of navigating the stormy waves of Brexit's trade transition. "We have had to use our own initiative to learn and adapt in a very short space of time," he told a BBC reporter. "We have spent countless hours on the phone explaining the processes to customers."
The additional costs begin with extra administration work before goods destined for Northern Ireland have even left warehouses in Britain. Haulage firms estimate that one pallet of goods, which previously would have cost around £100 to ship, now costs an extra £50 to £350 for all the new admin.
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