According to data from the Customs and Excise Department processed by FEPEX, Spain imported 3.4 million tons of fruits and vegetables worth 3,118 million euro in 2020. 1.6 million tons, i.e. 48% of that volume, came from non-EU countries, totaling and were worth 1,983 million euro, accounting for 63.5% of the total value.
This data consolidates the predominance of non-EU countries in the value of Spanish imports of fruit and vegetables. In 2019, the value of purchases of fruit and vegetables from third countries amounted to 1,869 million euro and 64.5% of the total; in 2018 they stood at 1,856 million euro and 67% of the total; in 2017 they stood at 1,562 million euro and 62% of the total, and in 2016 they amounted to 1,434 million euros and 62% of the total.
A similar trend can be seen in the import volumes of the last five years. In 2016, Spain imported 1.2 million tons of extra-community fruit and vegetables, which accounted for 42% of the total; in 2017 they imported 1.2 million tons (43% of the total); in 2018 they purchased 1.5 million tons (48% of the total); in 2019 they imported 1.5 million tons (48% of the total), and in 2020 Spain imported with 1.6 million tons of fruits and vegetables from non-EU countries (48% of the total).
These percentages show that the position of these countries in the national market is consolidating, as well as a continuous increase in volumes and value. According to FEPEX, this increase also occurs in the Community market, driven by unequal competition conditions in productive, social, or environmental aspects, which constitutes a serious problem that the European Commission will have to better weigh in their commercial policy, which is now being reviewed.