The new import tariffs announced by the Tariff Commission of the State Council of China for selected imported goods came into force on January 1, 2021. While tariffs on many imported fruits will be reduced, countries such as Chile, Peru, and New Zealand will maintain their duty-free status.
South Korean grapes
One of the most significant adjustments is the reduction of import tariffs on South Korean table grapes, which went from 5.2% in 2020 to 3.9% in 2021. According to data from China's Customs, the country imported 224 tons of grapes from South Korea in 2019, and up to November 2020, it had imported 250 tons.
South Korea mainly exports three grape varieties: Shine Muscat, Kyoho, and Campbell Early. It has been exporting these varieties to China since September 2017.
Tariffs on Australian citrus imports, which ranged from 3.7% to 10% in 2020, decreased to a new rate that ranges from 2.4% to 6.7% in 2021.
With the exception of citrus, all other Australian fresh fruit exports to China have been duty-free since January 1, 2019. Import tariffs on oranges also fell from 4.9% to 3.7% on January 1, 2020. Under China's trade plan, tariffs on Australian orange imports will be further lowered to 2.4% in 2021 and 1.2% in 2022, before finally being duty-free on January 1, 2023.
Costa Rican pineapples
China is the third-largest importer of pineapples, after the United States and the Netherlands. The country mainly imports pineapples from Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Taiwan to keep up with consumer demand, which is increasing by more than 40% each year.
China has only imported pineapples from Costa Rica since June 2017. According to data from China Customs, it imported 1,790 tons of pineapples from Costa Rica in 2018 and 730 tons in 2019.